Kulsoom, Rafia (2009): Child Labor at District Level: A Case Study of Rawalpindi.
Download (59kB) | Preview
Child labor is one of the problems that occur as a result of responses to the economic problems faced by vulnerable children. Keeping in view the theoretical background of existence of child labor across the world, the study analyzes the incidence of child labor from Rawalpindi city of Pakistan. It also empirically investigates the household demographics and incidence of child labor. The earning and participation functions were estimated for a sample of 150 children. All the coefficients and overall model was observed to be statistically significant. The major determinant of child labor is poverty. Age of the child has a positive impact on participation decisions: The older the child, the more probable he is to go to work. The ownership of asset has shown a negative impact on participation decisions. The study proposes that several income support measures should be provided to poor households as an instrument for reducing child labor.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Child Labor at District Level: A Case Study of Rawalpindi|
|English Title:||Child labor at District Level: A Case Study of Rawalpindi|
|Keywords:||Child labor, labor supply, hours of work, asset holding|
|Subjects:||I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I3 - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty > I30 - General
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J0 - General > J01 - Labor Economics: General
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J2 - Demand and Supply of Labor > J22 - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J2 - Demand and Supply of Labor > J20 - General
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J1 - Demographic Economics > J11 - Demographic Trends, Macroeconomic Effects, and Forecasts
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J8 - Labor Standards: National and International > J80 - General
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J3 - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs > J31 - Wage Level and Structure ; Wage Differentials
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J1 - Demographic Economics > J10 - General
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I3 - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty > I38 - Government Policy ; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J0 - General
|Date Deposited:||24. Dec 2009 01:33|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 08:26|
Bhalotra, S. (2007), “Is Child Work Necessary”, Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Vol. 69 No 1, pp. 29-55 Burki, A. and Shahnaz L. (2001), “Implications of Household Level Factors for Children’s Time Use in Pakistan”, Paper Presented at International Conference on Child Labor in South Asia, Delhi, Oct 15-17.
Cigno A. and Rosati F. C. (2002), “Child Labor, Education, Fertility and Revival in Rural India”, Pacific Economic Review
Deb P and Rosati F. (2002), Determinants of Child Labor and School Attendance: The Role of Households Unobservable, UCW Research Reports, Understanding Children’s Work: ILO/ World Bank/ UNICEF
Durrant, V. L. (1998), “Community Influences on Schooling and Work Activity of Youth in Pakistan”, Pakistan Development Review, Vol. 37 No 4, pp. 915-937
Fuwa, et al. (2006a), “On the Mother and Child Labor Nexus under Credit Constraints: Findings from Rural India”, The Developing Economics, Vol. 44 No 4, pp. 1-28
Fuwa, et al. (2006b), “Child Labor and School Enrollment in Rural India: Whose Education Matters”, The Developing Economics, Vol. XLIV No 4, pp. 440-464
ILO (2002), A Future without Child Labor: Global Report under the Follow-up to the ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work, International Labor Office: Geneva
Ray, R. (2001), Simultaneous Analysis of Child Labor and Child Schooling: Comparative Evidence from Nepal and Pakistan’, School of Economics, University of Tasmania, Hobart: Australia
Ray R. and Maitra, P. (2002), “The Joint Estimation of Child Participation in Schooling and Employment: Comparative Evidence from Three Continents”, Oxford Development Studies, Vol. 30 No 1, pp. 41-62.
Rosati F. C. and Tzannatos Z. (2007), Child Labor in Vietnam: An Economic Analysis, World Bank WP