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Acuña, Andrés and Oyarzún, Carlos (2005): Money and real fluctuations in the Chilean economy. Published in: Economía y Administración , Vol. 42, No. 65 (December 2005): pp. 55-79.
Aguiar-Conraria, Luis and Brinca, Pedro and Gudjonsson, Haukur and Soares, Joana (2015): Optimal currency area and business cycle synchronization across U.S. states.
Akande, Emmanuel (2013): Investment Shocks: Sources of Fluctuations in Small Open Economy. Published in: Economic and Business Review , Vol. 15, No. 3 (October 2013): pp. 213-232.
Albers, Scott and Albers, Andrew L. (2011): The Golden Mean, the Arab Spring and a 10-step analysis of American economic history. Published in: The Middle East Studies Online Journal , Vol. 3, No. 6 (3. August 2011): pp. 199-253.
Albers, Scott and Albers, Andrew L. (2012): On the mathematic prediction of economic and social crises: toward a harmonic interpretation of the Kondratiev wave.
Alfaro, Rodrigo and Sagner, Andres (2010): Financial Forecast for the Relative Strength Index.
Aliyu, Shehu Usman Rano (2009): Oil Price Shocks and the Macroeconomy of Nigeria: A Non-linear Approach.
Aliyu, Shehu Usman Rano and Englama, Abwaku (2009): Is Nigeria Ready for Inflation Targeting?
Andreou, A. S. and Zombanakis, George A. and Likothanassis, S. D. and Georgakopoulos, E. (1998): Modeling And Forecasting Exchange-Rate Shocks. Published in: Proceedings of the 60th BNP/Applied Econometrics Association , Vol. 1, No. Special Issue on Financial Instruments and Emerging Markets (6. June 1998): pp. 1-29.
Ardakani, Omid and Kishor, N. Kundan (2014): Examining the Success of the Central Banks in Inflation Targeting Countries: The Dynamics of Inflation Gap and the Institutional Characteristics.
Arora, Vipin and Lieskovsky, Jozef (2013): Natural Gas and U.S. Economic Activity.
Artiach, Miguel (2012): Leverage, skewness and amplitude asymmetric cycles.
Augustyniak, Hanna and Leszczyński, Robert and Łaszek, Jacek and Olszewski, Krzysztof and Waszczuk, Joanna (2014): On the dynamics of the primary housing market and the forecasting of house prices.
Augustyniak, Hanna and Łaszek, Jacek and Olszewski, Krzysztof and Waszczuk, Joanna (2014): Housing market cycles – a disequilibrium model and its application to the primary housing market in Warsaw. Published in: Ekonomia No. 35 (2014): pp. 5-23.
Ayala, Alfonso (2011): Un modelo de predicción de crisis financieras en los mercados emergentes: 1970 – 2009.
Barnett, William A. and Duzhak, Evgeniya (2006): Non-Robust Dynamic Inferences from Macroeconometric Models: Bifurcation Stratification of Confidence Regions.
Barnett, William A. and Duzhak, Evgeniya A. (2008): Empirical assessment of bifurcation regions within new Keynesian models.
Barnett, William A. and Duzhak, Evgeniya A. (2014): Structural Stability of the Generalized Taylor Rule.
Barnett, William A. and Eryilmaz, Unal (2012): Hopf bifurcation in the Clarida, Gali, and Gertler model.
Barnett, William A. and Eryilmaz, Unal (2012): An analytical and numerical search for bifurcations in open economy New Keynesian models.
Barnett, William A. and He, Susan (2009): Existence of Singularity Bifurcation in an Euler-Equations Model of the United States Economy: Grandmont was Right.
Belhadj, ARAM and Bouguezzi, WAJDI and Jedlane, NABIL (2009): A Common Monetary Policy For The Maghreb: The Winners and The Losers?
Bell, Peter N (2010): Introduction of the Profit Surface.
Bell, William Paul (2008): Adaptive interactive profit expectations using small world networks and runtime weighted model averaging. Published in: Biomedical Applications of Micro- and Nanoengineering IV and Complex Systems (Proceedings Volume) , Vol. 7270, (30. December 2008)
Berg, Tim Oliver (2015): Multivariate Forecasting with BVARs and DSGE Models.
Bessonovs, Andrejs (2011): GDP Modelling with Factor Model: an Impact of Nested Data on Forecasting Accuracy.
Bezemer, Dirk J (2009): “No One Saw This Coming”: Understanding Financial Crisis Through Accounting Models.
Bilgili, Faik (2011): City price convergence in Turkey with structural breaks.
Boschi, Melisso and Girardi, Alessandro (2005): Does one monetary policy fit all? the determinants of inflation in EMU countries. Published in: Current Politics and Economics of Europe , Vol. 1/2, No. 19 (January 2008): pp. 31-62.
Branimir, Jovanovic and Magdalena, Petrovska (2010): Forecasting Macedonian GDP: Evaluation of different models for short-term forecasting. Published in: National Bank of the Republic of Macedonia Working Paper (August 2010)
Brissimis, Sophocles and Migiakis, Petros (2011): Inflation persistence and the rationality of inflation expectations.
Bruno, Giancarlo and Malgarini, Marco (2002): An Indicator of Economic Sentiment for the Italian Economy.
Buncic, Daniel and Melecky, Martin (2007): An estimated New Keynesian policy model for Australia.
Cavallari, Lilia (2012): Markups and Entry in a DSGE Model.
Chan, Joshua and Koop, Gary and Potter, Simon (2012): A new model of trend inflation.
Chang, Chia-Lin and Franses, Philip Hans and McAleer, Michael (2013): Are Forecast Updates Progressive?
Costa Junior, Celso Jose and Sampaio, Armando Vaz and Gonçalves, Flávio de Oliveria (2012): Income Transfer as Model of Economic Growth. Published in: Revista Economia & Tecnologia , Vol. 8, (2012): pp. 17-32.
Cruz, Christopher John and Mapa, Dennis (2013): An Early Warning System for Inflation in the Philippines Using Markov-Switching and Logistic Regression Models.
D'Agostino, A and Surico, P (2007): Does global liquidity help to forecast US inflation? Forthcoming in:
D'Agostino, Antonello and McQuinn, Kieran and Whelan, Karl (2011): Are some forecasters really better than others?
D'Amuri, Francesco and Marcucci, Juri (2009): "Google it!" Forecasting the US unemployment rate with a Google job search index.
D'Ecclesia, Rita Laura and Gallo, Crescenzio (2002): Price-caps and Efficient Pricing for the Electricity Italian Market. Published in: Quaderni del Dipartimento di Matematica Statistica, Informatica ed Applicazioni No. 5 (2002)
Dale, Charles (1990): From Kondratieff to Chaos: Some Perspectives on Long-Term and Short-Term Business Cycles. Published in: Futures Research Quarterly , Vol. 6, No. 4 (1990): pp. 71-83.
Dasgupta, Dipak and Dubey, R.N. and Sathish, R (2011): Domestic Wheat Price Formation and Food Inflation in India. Published in: Working Paper Series, MOF, India No. Working Paper No. 2, 2011 (15. May 2011): pp. 1-58.
Delavari, Majid and Gandali Alikhani, Nadiya and Naderi, Esmaeil (2013): Does long memory matter in forecasting oil price volatility?
Doshchyn, Artur and Giommetti, Nicola (2013): Learning, Expectations, and Endogenous Business Cycles.
Durevall, Dick and Loening, Josef (2009): Ethiopia: Updated Inflation Forecasts.
Dybczak, Kamil and Melecky, Martin (2012): EU Fiscal Stance Vulnerability: Are the Old Members the Gold Members?
Dybczak, Kamil and Melecky, Martin (2011): Macroeconomic Shocks and the Fiscal Stance within the EU: A Panel Regression Analysis.
da Silva Filho, Tito Nícias Teixeira (2005): Is there too much certainty when measuring uncertainty.
dong, congcong (2006): 世界经济长波导论:对危机与萧条的研究及预测.
Engemann, Kristie and Owyang, Michael T. and Wall, Howard J. (2011): Where is an oil shock?
Ermişoğlu, Ergun and Akcelik, Yasin and Oduncu, Arif (2013): GDP Growth and Credit Data.
Escañuela Romana, Ignacio (2011): Empirical Evidence on the Predictability of Stock Market Cycles: the Behaviour of the Dow Jones Index Industrial Average in the Stock Market Crises of 1929, 1987 and 2007.
Esquivel Monge, Manfred and Gomez Rodriguez, Jose Fabio (2010): Asymmetries of the Exchange Rate Pass Through to Domestic Prices: The Case of Costa Rica. Published in: CEMLA (June 2010)
Everett, Craig R. and Paglia, John K. (2013): Private Businesses Predict Limited Growth for 2013. Published in: Graziadio Business Review , Vol. 16, No. 1 (January 2013)
Everts, Martin (2006): Duration of Business Cycles.
Everts, Martin (2006): Sectoral and Industrial Business Cycles.
Eyler, Robert and Sonora, Robert (2010): Is a National Monetary Policy Optimal?
Fabbri, Giorgio and Iacopetta, Maurizio (2007): Dynamic Programming, Maximum Principle and Vintage Capital.
Falnita, Eugen and Sipos, Ciprian (2007): A multiple regression model for inflation rate in Romania in the enlarged EU. Published in: Economic integration, competition and cooperation (1. August 2007)
Farzanegan, Mohammad Reza (2012): Does the Iranian oil supply matter for the oil prices?
Firouzi Naeim, Peyman and Rahimzadeh, golnoush (2013): Inflation Skewness and Price Indexation.
Foresti, Pasquale (2006): Testing for Granger causality between stock prices and economic growth.
Fornaro, Paolo (2015): Forecasting U.S. Recessions with a Large Set of Predictors.
Francisco, Ramirez (2011): Modelos de Estimación de la Brecha de Producto: Aplicación al PIB de la República Dominicana.
Franco, Ray John Gabriel and Mapa, Dennis S. (2014): The Dynamics of Inflation and GDP Growth: A Mixed Frequency Model Approach.
Freeman, Alan (1997): An endogenous profit rate cycle.
Gaglianone, Wagner Piazza and Pereira, Ana Luiza Louzada (2005): Um ensaio sobre expectativas da taxa de câmbio no Brasil. Published in: Revista Brasileira de Finanças , Vol. 1, No. 1 (2005): pp. 55-100.
Ganev, Kaloyan (2015): A Small Model for Output Gap and Potential Growth Estimation. An Application to Bulgaria.
Gao, Xu (2007): Business Cycle Accounting for the Chinese Economy.
Gatt, William (2014): Communicating uncertainty - a fan chart for HICP projections. Published in: Central Bank of Malta Quarterly Review 2014:2 (September 2014): pp. 40-44.
Gatt, William (2013): Forecasting inflation at the Central Bank of Malta. Published in: Central Bank of Malta Quarterly Review 2012 No. 4 (March 2013): pp. 68-71.
Ghent, Andra (2006): Comparing Models of Macroeconomic Fluctuations: How Big Are the Differences?
Givens, Gregory and Salemi, Michael (2012): Inferring monetary policy objectives with a partially observed state.
Gogas, Periklis and Chionis, Dionisios and Pragkidis, Ioannis (2009): Predicting European Union recessions in the euro era: The yield curve as a forecasting tool of economic activity.
Gutierrez Girault, Matias Alfredo (2008): Modeling extreme but plausible losses for credit risk: a stress testing framework for the Argentine Financial System.
Guzman, Giselle (2007): Using sentiment surveys to predict GDP growth and stock returns. Published in: The Making of National Economic Forecasts No. Edward Elgar Publishing LTD (2009): pp. 319-351.
Guzman, Giselle C. (2010): The case for higher frequency inflation expectations.
Guzman, Giselle C. (2009): An inflation expectations horserace.
Guérin, Pierre and Leiva-Leon, Danilo (2014): Model Averaging in Markov-Switching Models: Predicting National Recessions with Regional Data.
Haider, Adnan and Din, Musleh-ud and Ghani, Ejaz (2012): Monetary policy, informality and business cycle fluctuations in a developing economy vulnerable to external shocks.
Haider, Adnan and Hanif, Muhammad Nadeem (2007): Inflation Forecasting in Pakistan using Artificial Neural Networks.
Haider, Adnan and Safdar Ullah, Khan (2008): Estimating Output Gap for Pakistan Economy:Structural and Statistical Approaches. Published in: SBP Research Bulletin , Vol. 4, No. 1 (15. October 2008): pp. 31-60.
Harding, Don and Kam, Timothy (2001): Perspectives on Unemployment from a General Equilibrium Search Model.
Harding, Don and Song, Lei Lei and Tran, Duy (2001): Evaluation of the Australian Industry Group / PricewaterhouseCoopers - Performance of Manufacturing Index (Ai-PMI).
Harin, Alexander (2010): Теорема о существовании разрывов в шкале вероятностей. Дискретный случай.
He, Yijun and Barnett, William A. (2006): Existence of bifurcation in macroeconomic dynamics: Grandmont was right.
Henzel, Steffen and Lehmann, Robert and Wohlrabe, Klaus (2015): Nowcasting Regional GDP: The Case of the Free State of Saxony.
Hännikäinen, Jari (2014): The mortgage spread as a predictor of real-time economic activity.
Ichiue, Hibiki and Kurozumi, Takushi and Sunakawa, Takeki (2011): Inflation dynamics and labor market specifications: a Bayesian DSGE approach for Japan's economy.
Isiklar, Gultekin and Lahiri, Kajal and Loungani, Prakash (2006): How quickly do forecasters incorporate news? Evidence from cross-country surveys. Published in: Journal of applied econometrics , Vol. 21, (2006): pp. 703-725.
Julio, Juan Manuel (2009): The HPD Fan ChartT With Data Revision.
Khundrakpam, Jeevan Kumar and George, Asish Thomas (2012): An Empirical Analysis of the Relationship between WPI and PMI-Manufacturing Price Indices in India. Published in: RBI WORKING PAPER SERIES , Vol. 2013, No. W P S (DEPR): 06 (July 2013): pp. 1-17.
Kim, Insu and Kim, Minsoo (2009): Irrational Bias in Inflation Forecasts.
Kitchen, John and Monaco, Ralph (2003): Real-Time Forecasting in Practice: The U.S. Treasury Staff's Real-Time GDP Forecast System. Published in: Business Economics , Vol. 38, No. 4 (October 2003): pp. 10-19.
Kitov, Ivan (2009): Apples and oranges: relative growth rate of consumer price indices.
Kitov, Ivan (2007): Exact prediction of inflation and unemployment in Canada.
Kitov, Ivan (2007): Inflation, unemployment, labor force change in European countries.
Kitov, Ivan (2006): The Japanese economy.
Kitov, Ivan (2015): Modeling the price of crude oil and motor fuel: a five-year revision.
Kitov, Ivan and Kitov, Oleg (2012): Sustainable trends and periodicity in consumer price indices indicate that the era of low energy prices is approaching.
Kitov, Ivan and Kitov, Oleg (2009): Sustainable trends in producer price indices.
Kitov, Ivan and Kitov, Oleg (2009): A fair price for motor fuel in the United States.
Kitov, Ivan and Kitov, Oleg and Dolinskaya, Svetlana (2007): Modelling real GDP per capita in the USA: cointegration test.
Kitov, Ivan and Kitov, Oleg and Dolinskaya, Svetlana (2007): Relationship between inflation, unemployment and labor force change rate in France: cointegration test.
Kitov, Ivan and KItov, Oleg (2013): Inflation, unemployment, and labor force. Phillips curves and long-term projections for Japan.
Ko, Jun-Hyung (2011): Productivity shocks and housing market inflations in new Keynesian models.
Koop, Gary and Korobilis, Dimitris (2012): Large time-varying parameter VARs.
Korobilis, Dimitris (2011): Hierarchical shrinkage priors for dynamic regressions with many predictors.
Korobilis, Dimitris (2009): VAR forecasting using Bayesian variable selection.
Kossov, Vladimir and Kossova, Elena (2013): The normal price. The case of the retail price of diesel fuel.
Kreiter, Zebulun and Paul, Tapas Kumar (2010): Deficit Financing and Inflation in Bangladesh: A Vector Autoregressive Analysis. Published in: The Jahangirnagar Economic Review , Vol. 21, (2010): pp. 9-26.
Lahcen, Mohammed Ait (2014): DSGE models for developing economies: an application to Morocco.
Lahiri, Kajal and Liu, Fushang (2005): ARCH models for multi-period forecast uncertainty-a reality check using a panel of density forecasts. Published in: Advances in Econometrics , Vol. 20, (2005): pp. 321-363.
Lanne, Markku and Nyberg, Henri and Saarinen, Erkka (2011): Forecasting U.S. Macroeconomic and Financial Time Series with Noncausal and Causal AR Models: A Comparison.
Ledenyov, Dimitri O. and Ledenyov, Viktor O. (2015): Information money fields of cyclic oscillations in nonlinear dynamic economic system.
Ledenyov, Dimitri O. and Ledenyov, Viktor O. (2015): Information money fields of cyclic oscillations in nonlinear dynamic economic system.
Ledenyov, Dimitri O. and Ledenyov, Viktor O. (2015): On the spectrum of oscillations in economics.
Lehmann, Robert and Wohlrabe, Klaus (2013): Sectoral gross value-added forecasts at the regional level: Is there any information gain?
Mamatzakis, E and Remoundos, P (2010): Threshold Cointegration in BRENT crude futures market.
Marcelle, Chauvet and Simon, Potter (2007): Monitoring Business Cycles with Structural Breaks.
Marto, Ricardo (2013): Assessing the Impacts of Non-Ricardian Households in an Estimated New Keynesian DSGE Model.
Medel, Carlos (2015): Inflation Dynamics and the Hybrid Neo Keynesian Phillips Curve: The Case of Chile.
Melecky, Ales and Melecky, Martin (2012): Vliv makroekonomických šoků na dynamiku vládního dluhu: jak robustní je fiskální pozice České republiky?
Mendoza Lugo, Omar and Pedauga, Luis Enrique (2006): Efecto transferencia (pass-through) del tipo de cambio en los precios de bienes y servicios en Venezuela. Published in: Nueva Economía , Vol. XV, No. 26
Meyler, Aidan and Kenny, Geoff and Quinn, Terry (1998): Forecasting irish inflation using ARIMA models. Published in: Central Bank and Financial Services Authority of Ireland Technical Paper Series , Vol. 1998, No. 3/RT/98 (December 1998): pp. 1-48.
Meyler, Aidan and Rubene, Ieva (2009): Results of a special questionnaire for participants in the ECB Survey of Professional Forecasters (SPF).
Miguel, Belmonte and Gary, Koop and Dimitris, Korobilis (2011): Hierarchical shrinkage in time-varying parameter models.
Mukherjee, Deepraj and Kemme, David (2008): Evaluating inflation forecast models for Poland: Openness matters, money does not (but its cost does).
Mulraine, Millan L. B. (2005): Investment-Specific Technology Shocks in a Small Open Economy.
Mulraine, Millan L. B. (2006): Real Exchange Rate Dynamics With Endogenous Distribution Costs.
ODIA NDONGO, Yves Francis (2007): Les sources des fluctuations marcoéconomiques au Cameroun.
Odia Ndongo, Yves Francis (2006): Datation du Cycle du PIB Camerounais entre 1960 et 2003.
Olafsdottir, Katrin and Sigurdsson, Kari (2007): Hversu vel tekst til með verðbólguspár greiningardeilda?
Omay, Tolga (2008): The Term Structure of Interest Rate as a Predictor of Inflation and Real Economic Activity: Nonlinear Evidence from Turkey. Forthcoming in:
Osman, Mohammad and Jean Louis, Rosmy and Balli, Faruk (2008): Output gap and inflation nexus: the case of United Arab Emirates. Published in: International Journal of Economics and Business Research , Vol. 1, No. 1 (January 2009): pp. 118-135.
Owyang, Michael T. and Piger, Jeremy and Wall, Howard J. (2012): Forecasting national recessions using state-level data.
Pakos, Michal (2013): Long-Run Risk and Hidden Growth Persistence. Published in: Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control , Vol. 37, No. 9 (1. September 2013): 1911-1928.
Palma, Nuno (2013): Did Greenspan Open Pandora's Box? Testing the Taylor Hypothesis and Beyond.
Petreski, Marjan (2013): Assessing the forecasting power of the leading composite index in Macedonia.
Phillips, Kerk L. and Spencer, David E. (2010): Bootstrapping Structural VARs: Avoiding a Potential Bias in Confidence Intervals for Impulse Response Functions. Published in: Journal of Macroeconomics , Vol. 33, No. 4 (2011): pp. 582-594.
Qin, Duo and He, Xinhua (2011): Globalisation effect on inflation in the great moderation era: new evidence from G10 countries.
Quinn, Terry and Kenny, Geoff and Meyler, Aidan (1999): Inflation Analysis: An Overview. Published in: Central Bank and Financial Services Authority of Ireland Technical Paper Series , Vol. 1999, No. 1/RT/1999 (March 1999): pp. 1-22.
Rapacciuolo, Ciro (2003): Un semplice modello univariato per la previsione a breve termine dell'inflazione italiana. Published in: CSC Working Paper No. n. 36 - 2003 (June 2003)
Razzak, Weshah and Bentour, E M (2009): Real Interest Rates, Bubbles and Monetary Policy in the GCC countries.
Rizvi, Syed Kumail Abbas and Naqvi, Bushra (2008): Asymmetric Behavior of Inflation Uncertainty and Friedman-Ball Hypothesis: Evidence from Pakistan.
Rizvi, Syed Kumail Abbas and Naqvi, Bushra (2009): Inflation Volatility: An Asian Perspective.
Sen Gupta, Abhijit and Bhattacharya, Rudrani and Rao, Narhari (2014): Understanding Food Inflation in India. Published in: South Asia Working Paper No. No. 26 (May 2014): pp. 1-35.
Shamiri, Ahmed and Shaari, Abu Hassan and Isa, Zaidi (2008): Comparing the accuracy of density forecasts from competing GARCH models.
Shin, Inyong and Kim, Hyunho and Yamamura, Eiji (2008): Technological Progress and the Future of Kuznets Curve's.
Sinha, Pankaj and Gupta, Sushant and Randev, Nakul (2010): Modeling & Forecasting of Macro-Economic Variables of India: Before, During & After Recession.
Skribans, Valerijs (2011): Development of System Dynamic Model of Latvia’s Economic Integration in the EU. Published in: Proceedings of the 29th International Conference of the System Dynamics Society (2011): pp. 1-16.
Skribans, Valerijs (2012): European Union Economy System Dynamic Model Development. Published in: Proceedings of the 30th International Conference of the System Dynamics Society (2012): pp. 3687-3697.
Skribans, Valerijs (2010): Investments model development with the system dynamic method. Published in: Social Research, Economics and Management: Current Issues and Perspectives , Vol. 2 (18), (2010): pp. 104-114.
Skribans, Valerijs (2010): Latvia’s incoming in European Union economic effect estimation. Published in: BUSINESS, MANAGEMENT AND EDUCATION 2010 No. Contemporary Regional Issues Conference Proceedings (2010)
Skribans, Valerijs (2010): Latvijas iestāšanās Eiropas Savienībā ekonomiskā efekta novērtēšana. Published in: RTU zinātniskie raksti , Vol. 20, No. 3: Ekonomika un uzņēmējdarbiba (2010): pp. 108-116.
Sokolov, Yuri (2009): Interaction between market and credit risk: Focus on the endogeneity of aggregate risk.
Sokolov, Yuri (2012): Modeling risk in a dynamically changing world: from association to causation.
Solomon, Bernard Daniel (2015): Notes on Business Cycle Theory from a Dynamic Stochastic General Equilibrium Perspective.
Stanova, Nadja (2015): Effects of fiscal shocks in new EU members estimated from a SVARX model with debt feedback.
Tabata, Katsushi and Kawaguchi, Yuichiro (2013): Real estate prices in Japan and Lewis turning point.
Tausch, Arno (2013): The hallmarks of crisis. A new center-periphery perspective on long cycles.
William, Barnett and Guo, Chen (2015): Bifurcation of macroeconometric models and robustness of dynamical inferences.
Wolters, Maik Hendrik (2012): Evaluating point and density forecasts of DSGE models.
Wong, Shirly Siew-Ling and Puah, Chin-Hong and Abu Mansor, Shazali and Liew, Venus Khim-Sen (2012): Early warning indicator of economic vulnerability.
Yashkir, Olga and Yashkir, Yuriy (2013): Monitoring of Credit Risk through the Cycle: Risk Indicators. Forthcoming in:
Yu, Eric Jinsan (2014): Predictive Power of Aggregate Short Interest.
Zhang, Hewitt and Hu, Yannan and Hu, Bo (2012): House-price crash and macroeconomic crisis: a Hong Kong case study.
Zhang, Tongbin and Hu, Bo (2011): House-Price Crash and Macroeconomic Crisis: A Hong Kong Case Study.